In Tuckman’s theory there are four stages to build the team: forming, storming, norming and performing.
Forming: When teams first get together, members are generally cautious and uncertain about many things. People explore, dabble, try something. During the forming period everyone tries their best to look ahead and think about all the things that need to be done.
Storming: Inevitably the process begins to heat up under the pressures of work and conflicting perspectives. People jockey for influence. Patient and impatient people clash. Trust is tested, and confusions around goals and roles begin to surface. If there are heavy deadlines, this stage can be quite tense.
Norming: As people get to know each other, they reconcile and agree on things like decision-making processes, resources, timing, quality standards. A “norm” is something everyone understands. Norms are the formal and informal rules that make up the operating system of productive work.
Performing: The final stage of team development involve using all the experience and understanding with each other to get results for each other and the organization.
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